The eighteen chapters of the Gita are divided into three
groups of six chapters each. The first deals with the means
of attaining self-realisation through the paths of karma and
jnana, the second with the path of bhakti, and the last is a
recap of the earlier teachings with the focus on bhakti to be
practised with the aid of karma and jnana.
In the sixth chapter, it is explained that the ultimate
purpose of the yoga practice is to gain ‘atma sakshatkaram,’
an intuitive vision of the nature of the individual atma and
of the Supreme Brahman, pointed out Velukkudi Sri
Krishnan in a discourse.
In this state of yoga, when the mind is fixed in yoga, one
sees equality everywhere. A yogi’s vision is one of equality.
He understands that equality is the truth, though there is
so much diversity and disparity in the marvel of God’s
When diferences are obvious, when there is so much
diversity in creation, how is one to see equality? Krishna
explains that it is diicult to attain this vision of truth. But,
by stages, a yogi, who has practised karma and jnana, is
able to see the equality behind the diferences. That is, the
yogi understands that the atma in every being, in its
liberated state, is of the essence of jnana and ananda. That
is why he sees no diference between the nature of the
atma in him and in other beings.
He realises that this true nature of the atma is eclipsed in
all the jivatmas who exist in their present forms with
characteristic functions owing to the consequences of
their individual karma.
When the jivatma is rid of its karma in total and attains
liberation, the atma alone, which is of the essence of jnana
and ananda, remains eternally as such.