Sage Yajnavalkya’s wife Maitreyi asks him to tell her about
that which will give her immortality. Yajnavalkya explains
to her the nature of Paramatma. He says that the Vedas,
Upanishads, Itihasas, Puranas, Slokas, Sutras and
commentaries all come from Paramatma. Just as different
kinds of smoke come from a fire lit with wet logs, so do all
these come from the Supreme One. All the sacred works
are like His breath.
However, it is said that sages like Vyasa composed the
Itihasas and Puranas. So would this mean that there is a
contradiction in saying they came from the Paramatma?
There is no contradiction, because these sages are
considered aspects of Him, elaborated M.K. Srinivasan in a
Yajnavalkya then says that the ocean is the goal of
waters, the skin the goal of all touches, the tongue the goal
of all tastes, the eye the goal of all colours, the ear the goal
of all sounds, the mind the goal of all thought and the organ
of speech is the goal of all Vedas.
What the sage intends to convey is that to meditate on
the Supreme One, one must control the sense organs.
Every sense organ has many experiences, but it is never
satisfied with the experiences. So to meditate upon
Brahman, control of sense organs becomes necessary. A
lump of salt dropped into water makes the water salty. In
the same way, Paramatma, which is diferent from all
entities, has the Jivatmas as His body.
Every soul or object is established in Brahman and there
is no possibility of any action independent of Him.
Paramatma is the knower, known and the instrument of
knowledge. One who knows this knows everything, but for
that to happen, Paramatma’s grace is needed.